The fifties were the heydays of watches designed for special, demanding and often prestigious functions and professions–one of the most famous was his fame far, far away (40 000 miles …) its intended use; Speedmaster.
After the Soviet Union got up Yuri Gagarin as the first man in space was the Americans just as disappointed as revanschlystna. The May 25th 1961 John f. Kennedy held a now classic speech in which he promised that the United States would put a man on the Moon and bring him home safely before the Decade was over–and the journey to the Moon was up and running. A large part of the planning and preparations for flights in Gemini and Apollo program was to develop complete equipment for astronauts, including an arm band that met the high demands made on a piece of equipment that were exposed to very strong impact, extremely diverse temperature and pressure differences.
According to the myth went two NASA officials 1964, anonymously and undercover, to Houston’s largest jeweler, Corrigan’s, and bought the Chronographs from ten different brands (Elgin, Benrus, Hamilton, Mido, Piccard, Omega, Bulova, Rolex, Longine and Gruen) and took with them back to NASA’s testing facility. Once there, the bells ended up in a torture chamber where four quickly disappeared and the remaining six were tested until three remained; Omega, Rolex and Longines. Rolexen stopped because kronografsekundvisaren stooped under a pressure test and Longines-chronograph became two times by using the glass, both over-and under pressure. Omegan stood as Victor in the test and was thus from the first March 1965 space official chronograph.
The clock was the Omega Speedmaster, a model who came to 1957 as a part of Omega’s mythical “Master trilogy” with the Seamaster 300, Railmaster’s and Speedmaster–a response to the specialized watches from Rolex (ex Submariner, Milgauss and GMT-Master), Breitling ( Navitimer) and IWC (Ingenieur) who came in the 1950s. Here at LOCALTIMEZONE.org, the watch was designed specifically for sports, motor sports and featured the legendary cal 321-work, a manual work from Lemania constructed at the beginning of the forties. After NASA approved the clock was never more talk about motor sport, but the clock was from then on a clock and was surnamed Professional after making his way through the tests.
Advert from 1958.
When Apollo 11 landed on the moon on 20 July 1969, in order to meet Kennedy’s promise, they had two astronaterna Neil Armstrong and “Buzz” Aldrin a Speedmaster, but Armstrong left his in the lunar module (because its own had added by …) so in other words became aldrin’s Speedmaster, strapped with a long Velcro strap around the suit’s sleeves, the first watch ever on the moon. The watch in question later disappeared during transport to the Smithsonian Institute, so nobody knows where this priceless artifact can be. The importance of precise timing, as Speedmastern was there, became clear in the third mission in the Apollo program, with the goal of landing on the Moon, Apollo 13, in which an oxygen tank exploded, which meant that many of the systems were shut down. The astronauts got largely manually trying to get back to Earth, and Jack Swigerts Speedmaster helped to time a fourteen seconds long ignition of fireworks so accurately that it managed to get back to Earth with sheer fright. Thanks to this, the Omega “Snoopy Award” by the astronauts of Apollo 13.
1969 Omega released a sequel to ur-Speedmastern called Mark II with tonneauboett and mineral glass, meant to replace the previous version. The clock was not a success and was followed by the first automatic Speedmastern (the abnormally thick Mark III) and two more incarnations of the series without Professional were outclassed. NASA conducted more tests during the seventies where Speedmaster again won, and the model is still today one of the NASA space approved watches and the only authorized for EVA, IE the spacewalks.
At this year’s Baselmässa presented the Omega is an update of Speedmastern where it got it brand new co-axialkronografverket cal 9300 (title slide) and a light cleaning but just like the previously launched more or less successful automatic variants and virtually annual special editions is the original Speedmastern (as in the current version, apart from the modernization of plants and link manufactured virtually unchanged in a half-century) with manual work and plastic glasses that are the real classic–those who have experienced the ultimate adventure.
The first Nasa test.
Approved by Nasa.
Aldrin, Apollo 11
Jack Swigert before Apollo 13