Poly Samoa

Samoa, officially known as the Independent State of Samoa, is an archipelago located in the South Pacific Ocean. It is located approximately halfway between Hawaii and New Zealand, with coordinates of 13.759° S latitude and 172.104° W longitude. Samoa is composed of two main islands, Upolu and Savai’i, along with several smaller islands.



Samoa enjoys a tropical climate characterized by warm temperatures year-round. The average temperature ranges from 24°C to 30°C (75°F to 86°F). The islands experience a wet season from November to April, with heavy rainfall and occasional tropical cyclones. The dry season, from May to October, brings cooler temperatures and less precipitation.


Samoa boasts a rich diversity of flora and fauna, including lush rainforests, pristine beaches, and vibrant coral reefs. The islands are home to unique species such as the flying fox, coconut crab, and various bird species. Marine life thrives in the surrounding waters, with colorful fish, sea turtles, and reef sharks.

Longest Rivers

Samoa is not known for its rivers, as it is a relatively small island nation with rugged terrain. Most freshwater sources on the islands are small streams and creeks that flow from the mountains to the coast.

Highest Mountains

Mount Silisili, located on the island of Savai’i, is the highest peak in Samoa, reaching an elevation of 1,858 meters (6,096 feet) above sea level. The mountain is part of a volcanic range that extends across the island, offering breathtaking views of the surrounding landscape.



The islands of Samoa have been inhabited for thousands of years by Polynesian peoples. Archaeological evidence suggests that the earliest settlers arrived around 3,000 years ago, bringing with them a rich cultural heritage and seafaring skills. These early settlers established complex societies based on agriculture, fishing, and navigation.

Colonial Era

European contact with Samoa began in the 18th century when explorers from Britain, France, and Germany arrived in the region. In the late 19th century, Samoa became the focus of imperial rivalry between these European powers, leading to conflicts and the eventual partition of the islands. The western islands came under German control, while the eastern islands were administered by the United States.


Samoa regained its independence on January 1, 1962, following years of colonial rule. The country adopted a parliamentary democracy, with a Prime Minister as the head of government and a constitutional monarchy, with the Head of State known as the O le Ao o le Malo. Samoa is a member of the United Nations and the Pacific Islands Forum, advocating for regional cooperation and development.

Modern Age

Since gaining independence, Samoa has focused on economic development, promoting tourism, agriculture, and fisheries. The country has invested in infrastructure, education, and healthcare, improving the standard of living for its citizens. Samoa is renowned for its traditional culture, including dance, music, and craftsmanship, which attract visitors from around the world.



Samoa has a population of approximately 200,000 people, with the majority residing on the main islands of Upolu and Savai’i. The population is predominantly of Samoan descent, with smaller communities of Europeans, Chinese, and other Pacific Islanders.

Ethnicity and Language

The Samoan people are Polynesian, with a rich cultural heritage and strong familial ties. The official languages of Samoa are Samoan and English, with Samoan being the most widely spoken language among the local population.


Christianity is the dominant religion in Samoa, with the majority of the population adhering to various Protestant denominations, including Congregationalism, Catholicism, and Methodist. Traditional Samoan beliefs and practices also play a significant role in the culture and spirituality of the islands.

Administrative Divisions and Population

Samoa is divided into 11 administrative districts, each with its own local government authority. The following is a list of Samoa’s administrative divisions along with their populations:

  1. A’ana – Population: 25,000
  2. Aiga-i-le-Tai – Population: 11,000
  3. Atua – Population: 18,000
  4. Fa’asaleleaga – Population: 16,000
  5. Gaga’emauga – Population: 10,000
  6. Gaga’ifomauga – Population: 7,000
  7. Palauli – Population: 11,000
  8. Satupa’itea – Population: 15,000
  9. Tuamasaga – Population: 40,000
  10. Va’a-o-Fonoti – Population: 6,000
  11. Vaisigano – Population: 14,000

10 Largest Cities by Population

  1. Apia
  2. Vaitele
  3. Faleasi’u
  4. Salelologa
  5. Afega
  6. Faleula
  7. Si’umu
  8. Lufilufi
  9. Leulumoega
  10. Malie

Education Systems

Free Education

Education in Samoa is free and compulsory for children between the ages of 5 and 14. The government provides funding for public schools, which offer primary and secondary education. There are also private schools and tertiary institutions, including the National University of Samoa, which offers undergraduate and graduate programs in various fields.

Top Universities

The National University of Samoa is the primary institution of higher education in the country, offering degree programs in education, business, science, and the humanities. The university is committed to promoting academic excellence and research while preserving Samoan culture and values.



Samoa has two international airports, Faleolo International Airport on Upolu and Maota Airport on Savai’i. These airports serve as the main gateways to the country, handling both domestic and international flights. The national carrier, Samoa Airways, provides air transportation between Samoa and other Pacific destinations.


The main port in Samoa is Apia Port, located in the capital city of Apia on the island of Upolu. The port facilitates maritime trade and transportation, handling cargo shipments and cruise ship arrivals. Apia Port is a vital hub of economic activity, connecting Samoa to other Pacific islands and international markets.

Country Facts

  • Population: 200,000
  • Capital: Apia
  • Official Languages: Samoan, English
  • Religion: Christianity (Protestantism)
  • Race: Samoan, European, Chinese
  • Currency: Samoan Tala (WST)
  • ISO Country Code: WS
  • International Calling Code: +685
  • Top-Level Domain: .ws