It is known as alignment to the act and the result of aligning (placing elements in a straight line; adhering to a trend or doctrine; making an athlete be part of the lines of his team in a certain encounter).
Alignment, according to Digopaul, can refer to a certain order or organization of objects or people. For example: “Look at the lineup of tin soldiers that Manuel made”, “Please take care of the lineup of children so that we can perform the ceremony”, “Upon entering the town on the main street, I was surprised by the lineup of trees on the sides of the road ”.
When an individual respects or fulfills the precepts of a system, a method or an ideology, he is said to be aligned: “Our political party managed to grow a lot thanks to the alignment of young people”, “The governor asked the mayors to work to achieve the alignment of the independent councilors “, ” I do not want a forced alignment, I prefer that there be dissent and debate “.
In the field of sports, alignment is the initial disposition of the players of a team for a match. Those who make up the lineup are the starters or initials: “The Spanish coach surprised him by leaving the Belgian defender out of the lineup for the match against the last champion”, “Since Gómez entered the starting lineup, he never came out again”, “The The technical director has not yet confirmed the lineup for tonight’s match. ”
The text alignment, on the other hand, is one of the attributes of the format of a paragraph, used to determine the appearance of the content. The most common is left alignment, thanks to which there are no spaces between the first character of each line of a paragraph and the left margin, so that irregularities occur at the extreme right.
Other possibilities are the alignment to the right, which gives us the opposite result to the previous one, and the justified one, which prevents the appearance of spaces both on the right and on the left. Justifying a text is not always the best or the most aesthetic option, since to achieve the supposed uniformity of the dimensions of a paragraph, the word processor must add as many spaces between the words of each line as it needs, and this makes certain parts of the content look “stretched”, especially those with very long words.
On the other hand, there is the centered alignment, widely used for titles or to highlight certain types of content, such as poems. Although at the moment it is enough to click on a button on the screen to achieve this result, before computing it was not so easy to center a line of text, but it was necessary to follow the following steps, for each line:
* taking into account the dimensions of each character and those of the sheet, count how many would enter if we wanted to fill in the line;
* subtract from this number the number of characters in the text to center and then divide the result by two;
* using this quotient, advance that number of spaces from the left, and start writing just then.
In graphic design, alignment is one of the fundamental steps in creating content. A brochure, for example, should present a set of images, logos, and text, distributed in a particular way across a page; Thanks to the alignment it is possible to achieve a precise and tidy result, optimally use the available space and make a greater impact on the public.
The arrangement of three celestial bodies in a straight line, the formation of the troops that make up a unit and the urban layout are also called alignment.