Beauty is the attribute we recognize in beauty. As such, some of the qualities that have traditionally been granted to beauty are harmony, proportion, symmetry and perfection, as well as the ability to please the eye and the ear, and to captivate the spirit.
The word is derived from beautiful, which comes from the Latin bellus, which means beautiful.
In this sense, one of the characteristics of beauty is that it is experienced through the senses, mainly sight and hearing. As such, beauty is a subjective experience, which can vary not only from one individual to another, but between cultures and times. Thus, not necessarily two men will evaluate beauty in the same way: for a German a Latin American brunette can be much more attractive than the women of her country, while for a Latin American the exotic beauty of a German can probably be more subjugating.
However, it is agreed that aspects such as harmony and proportion of forms, symmetry of traits and the absence of physical defects are characteristic of physical beauty in a person, among other things, because they denote good health. Youth, in this sense, is also frequently associated with the concept of beauty.
The synonyms of beauty are: perfection, preciousness, attractiveness, charm.
Exterior and interior beauty
External nature is related to the physical attractiveness of the person, and is generally subject to the beauty canons of the culture where the individual develops. The canon, in this sense, comprises the set of characteristics that a society conventionally considers as beautiful.
On the other hand, a concept of inner beauty has been developed as opposed to external beauty. The inner beauty would be one that values factors of a psychological nature, such as intelligence, grace, sympathy, personality, elegance and charm, which are not obvious to the eye, but which are equally appreciated as aspects that grant integrity to the attractiveness of a person.
Natural and artificial beauty
Nowadays it is also common to talk about natural beauty to refer to the one that naturally shows, without having had the need to go through the operating room to adjust any damage. In this sense, it is said that having trace beauty is having natural physical beauty. The opposite is artificial beauty, currently booming, which involves the use of cosmetic surgery to correct or increase some aspects of the body to make it more beautiful.
Beauty in Philosophy
The concept of beauty , according to philosophy, has evolved in various ways. Plato considered beauty, fundamentally, as an ideal. In this sense, there is only one true beauty: the prototypical, the exemplary, the one that belongs to the world of the ideal and that serves as a model for the artist for his creations. According to this, true beauty, then, only takes place in the soul, and the only way to access it is through philosophy.
Kant, meanwhile, distinguished two types of beauty: the free, which appeared naturally and without arrangements, and the adherent beauty, which is subject to rational judgment that hopes to find in it a series of attributes according to which the object is considered How beautiful
Currently, the branch of philosophy that deals with beauty is aesthetics. As such, Aesthetics is responsible for the study of the perception of beauty and the principles that govern it. It is applied in the study of Art Theory.
Beauty in Arts
In elarte, beauty is that which is associated with a set of aesthetic principles intrinsic to a certain artistic discipline. In this sense, beauty is the greatest artistic aspiration, because it combines harmony of forms, expressive impact, symbolic potential and philosophical truth within the resources offered by disciplines such as music, literature, dance, architecture, sculpture, art. painting and cinema, in order to move, impress and delight us.