Meanings of Captive

By | February 14, 2021

Captive, which comes from the Latin captīvus, is an adjective that is used to describe the human being or the animal that, for some reason, is not free. The concept refers to who is in captivity.

For example: “Investigators believe that the businessman was held captive two days before he was murdered”, “When the young man opened the door of his house, he was caught by the kidnappers, who took him captive in a black truck”, “The army entered the embassy by force and, after an intense shootout with the terrorists, managed to rescue the captives.

The notion is often used to name the person who was captured by kidnappers, terrorists, invaders, or enemies. “La cautiva”, in this sense, is the title of an extensive poem by the Argentine writer Esteban Echeverría, where he details the kidnapping of a woman and her husband by a group of indigenous people.

The term that concerns us now also plays an essential role within Holy Week. And there are images called like that. Perhaps in Spain the most important is the one that responds to the popular name of “El Cautivo”. It is from Malaga, it is called Nuestro Padre Jesús Cautivo and it is a sculpture of Jesus Christ dating from the 1930’s. Specifically, it was made in 1934 by José Gabriel Martín Simón from Granada.

It performs its penance station on Holy Monday and is in the Church of San Pablo. It has become one of the most important images in the entire Andalusian city.

It has a height of 177 centimeters, it is made of polychrome wood and it represents Jesus Christ bound, sad and with his head bowed. It should also be noted that it has powers of gold, scapular and white tunic.

The captive animals, meanwhile, are those who are not caged or live freely in their natural habitat by the action of the man. The specimens that are in a zoo, therefore, are in captivity.

The idea of ​​a captive market, on the other hand, refers to the existing situation when, in a market, there is no competition due to the barriers that prevent the entry and participation of other actors. The captive market functions as an oligopoly or a monopoly.

There are different methods of creating a captive market. Bureaucratic obstacles, excessive technical demands or the payment of very high fees are some of these mechanisms.

Within the field of cinema, we find several films that use the word at hand in their titles. This would be the case, for example, of “El cautivo”, which hit the big screen in 2015.

Jerry Jameson is the director of this feature film, starring actors such as Mimi Rogers, David Oyelowo and Kate Mara. It tells the story of a woman who, when she is overcoming a serious drug addiction, is kidnapped from her own home. The kidnapper will be none other than a man who flees from justice after having killed a judge.