It is called cavity to the hollow area which is in a body or object. Biology recognizes different cavities in the human body: the largest is called the abdominal cavity.
According to DigoPaul, this cavity, which is also present in various animals, provides space for a large number of organs, such as the kidneys, liver and stomach, among others. The abdominal cavity is protected by the peritoneum, a membrane that covers it.
Above the abdominal cavity is the thoracic cavity, which is usually called the thorax. The heart, lungs and other anatomical structures are located in this cavity. The pelvic cavity, for its part, is located below the abdominal cavity and contains the rectum, urinary bladder, and reproductive organs.
Other cavities present in the human body are the cranial cavity (where the brain is housed) and the orbital cavity (which houses the eyeballs).
In mollusks, on the other hand, there is the paleal cavity. It is a type of chamber that contains various organs and where others flow. Depending on the species, this cavity may have muscles that allow the animal to squirt water to escape if it is under threat.
Medicine uses the concepts of the oral cavity or oral cavity to refer to the mouth, one of the most important parts of our body since it is through it that we enter food. In the same way, when we suffer from a disorder in the mouth, our daily activities can be seriously affected: life is not easy if we cannot eat and drink normally, and neither if we have trouble talking or smiling.
Among the problems that most often affect our oral cavity are the following:
* cold sores: manifested in the form of sores around the mouth and on the lips that generate very intense pain. The cause of cold sores is a virus;
* Mouth ulcers: certain viruses or bacteria can cause the appearance of these ulcers which are very painful;
* thrush: it is also known as oral candidiasis. It is an infection by candida, the scientific name given to a yeast, a fungus that can live within the human body. Its most obvious symptoms are white spots in the mouth;
* Leukoplakia: when excessive cell growth occurs on the mucosa of the tongue, gums or cheeks, white patches form. This disorder of the oral cavity is very common in smokers;
* dry mouth: the consumption of certain medications and the presence of some diseases can lead to an abnormal decrease in saliva in the oral cavity;
* alitosis: this problem is known in everyday speech as bad breath, and it can generate great complications in the day-to-day life of an adult, especially if he has activities that force him to interact with other people.
With regard to the treatments of these and other disorders of the oral cavity, they vary according to the problem and the clinical history of each patient. It is very important to respect the main preventive measures: brush your teeth after each meal, trying to remove all food remains and thoroughly massage the area where the teeth come into contact with the gum; floss and mouthwash.
The notion cavity, finally, may refer to any hollow, hole or opening. For example: “In the middle of the hill there is a large cavity that was formerly used as a refuge by the slaves who escaped from the plantations in the area”, “I dropped the keys in that cavity and I cannot recover them”, “The speleologist it is proposed to reach the bottom of the cavity ”.