Organic waste is all those residues or wastes of biological origin, that is, that come from or were part of a living being.
This concept is formed with the name garbage, which means ‘waste’, ‘waste’, ‘waste’, and the organic adjective, ‘relative or belonging to an organism or living being’.
There are different types of organic waste such as:
- Food (fruit peels, vegetable and vegetable remains, seeds, oil, bones, spoiled milk etc.).
- Waste paper or cardboard.
- Remains of pruning plants and shrubs.
- Animal and human body wastes (hair, nails, feathers, feces, etc).
Organic and inorganic garbage
Garbage can be subdivided into two large groups depending on their origin: organic and inorganic. Inorganic garbage is that which does not come from living organisms and that, in many cases, is the product of transformation and manufacturing processes executed by man. Some examples of inorganic garbage are glass bottles, plastic containers, materials made of PVC, aluminum cans, batteries, etc.
Unlike organic waste, inorganic waste is not degradable in the environment due to the materials with which it is made, and is a considerable source of contamination. However, in many cases they can be reused or recycled. These inorganic wastes may be in a gaseous, liquid or solid state.
Likewise, some types of sanitary garbage, such as cotton gauze or plastic syringes, although they are composed of organic or inorganic material, are usually considered as a separate group due to their potential as a source of contagion.
Organic garbage recycling
The recycling of organic waste refers to the transformation of this type of waste into materials that can be used for some purpose. As such, organic waste is biodegradable, as it can decompose. In this sense, in terms of recycling, it can be used for different purposes, such as obtaining compost or organic fertilizer.
However, some organic waste should be disposed of in separate containers. Domestic oil, for example, can be used as biofuel, while paper and cardboard can be used to make new products of the same material.
Due to the negative environmental impact that organic waste can cause, recycling is essential both domestically and industrially to reduce pollution levels on the planet.