We call physical activity all those body movements that involve energy expenditure.
We do physical activity in our daily life when we walk, dance, ride a bike, dance or do some sport in our leisure time.
Physical activity, when practiced regularly and systematically, is beneficial to health and helps us improve or maintain our physical and mental well-being.
Regular physical activity translates into a reduced risk of cardiovascular disease, coronary heart disease, stroke, high blood pressure, low back pain, diabetes, breast and colon cancer, depression and obesity, as well as helping us develop better elasticity in the muscles and joints, and improve lung capacity and bone health.
Also, at the psychic level, physical activity helps to drain accumulated stress, contributes to personal satisfaction, improves self-esteem, and allows more socialization, by getting in touch with other people.
The physical activity can be carried out in a planned way or spontaneously, being that, in both cases, the results are equally positive.
However, it is not advisable to abuse physical activity, since, without due vigilance and control, it can severely affect our physical and emotional health.
However, the consequences of physical inactivity are even more serious, since it is prone to suffer a series of diseases associated with sedentary lifestyle, not to mention that mentally, mental health will be affected by anxiety and depression.
Physical activity or physical exercise
Physical activity and physical exercise are not the same thing. The physical activity refers to the set of movements and actions we make in our daily lives, such as walking, housework or recreational activities, involving a considerable expenditure of energy.
The exercise, meanwhile, refers to a variety of body movements planned, structured and repetitive, which are made in order to improve or maintain physical fitness. Examples are aerobic exercises, such as the exercise bike, or anaerobic, such as weightlifting.